Tōkaidō Shinkansen [東海道新幹線(とうかいどうしんかんせん)]

Tōkaidō Shinkansen[東海道新幹線(とうかいどうしんかんせん)] is the first Shinkansen[新幹線](high-speed railway line in Japan and Tōkaidō Shinkansen is the first high-speed railway line in the world.) and that was opened on October 1, 1964. It is operated by JR Tōkai. Tōkaidō Shinkansen connects the distance of 515.4 km between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka[新大阪(しんおおさか)] via Nagoya & Kyoto and Tōkaidō Shinkansen Line directly connects with Sanyō Shinkansen Line[山陽新幹線(さんようしんかんせん)] between Shin-Osaka and Hakata[博多(はかた)].

Tōkaidō Shinkansen & Mt. Fuji.jpg
Tōkaidō Shinkansen & Mt. Fuji at Fuji City, Shizuoka PrefectureTōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Shinkansen

Before WWII, the Ballet Train[弾丸列車(だんがんれっしゃ)] that was a high-speed train connected Tokyo and Shimonoseki[下関(しものせき)], Yamaguchi Prefecture was projected. There was also a plan that that line was extend to Beijing via Korea & Manchuria[満州(まんしゅう)] under the control of Japan at that time. The railway for the Ballet Train started to be constructed in 1940 but that was canceled due to the aggravation of the state of WWII.

After WWII, a shortage of transport became a problem in the post-war reconstruction. In 1957, a new high-speed railway project was planned under Shinji Sogō[十河信二(そごうしんじ)] who was the president of the Japanese National Railways(JNR) & Hideo Shima[島秀雄(しまひでお)] who was the chief engineer of JNR.

This was the project of construction of Tōkaidō Shinkansen and in 1959, the construction was begun. The structures such as tunnels that had been constructed for the railway of the Ballet Train were reused for Tōkaidō Shinkansen Line. Tōkaidō Shinkansen was opened in time for the opening of the Tokyo Olympic Games on October 10, 1964.

When Tōkaidō Shinkansen started operating, two type trains have been set and these are Kodama[こだま] that stopped at every station & Hikari[ひかり] that makes fewer stops than Kodama. At that time, Hikari connected Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in 4 hours with maximum speed of 210 km/h.

In 1985, in addition to 0 series train(the first Tōkaidō Shinkansen train, 1964-1999), 100 series train(1985-2003) was introduced.

0 series Shinkansen train
0 series Shinkansen train at the Railway Museum, Saitama City

In 1992, 300 series train(1992-2012) that had maximum speed of 270 km/h and at the same time, newly Nozomi[のぞみ] that is a faster train than Hikari has been set. After that, the newest train, N700 series train was introduced in 2007 following 500 series(1997-2010), 700 series(1999-). At present, the fastest train connects Tokyo and Shin-Osaka in 2.5 hours.

Shinkansen trains
Shinkansen trains(Left:700 series, Middle:300 series, Right:100 series)
at SCMAGLEV and Railway Park, Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture

N700 series Tōkaidō Shinkansen train
N700 series Tōkaidō Shinkansen train

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