Mt. Fuji and art [富士山と芸術(ふじさんとげいじゅつ)]

There is no mountain which has been loved by Japanese people more than Mt. Fuji. This is indicated that Mt. Fuji has been used as a theme of art since ancient times.

Gaifū Kaisei
"Gaifū Kaisei" from "Fugaku Sanjyūrokkei" by Hokusai Katsushika

Mt. Fuji was registered as a cultural site of world heritage as "Fujisan, sacred ace and source of artistic inspiration" in 2013. One of the reason Mt. Fuji was registered is contribution to art works. The mountain has been expressed in many Waka[和歌(わか)](Japanese poem), Haiku[俳句(はいく)], painting, literature.

Fuji Mandara-zuFuji-goe Tsuru-zu.jpg
Left: "Fuji Mandara-zu" by Motonobu Kanō?
Right: "Fujigoe Tsuru-zu" by Rosetsu Nagasawa

In ancient times, Mt. Fuji appeared in Manyō-shū[万葉集(まんようしゅう)] that was compiled in the Nara Period[奈良時代(ならじだい)](710-794) and that is the oldest collection of Japanese poems in exsistance. In Manyō-shū, there is a famous poem, "Tagonourayu uchiidetemireba mashironiso Fujinotakaneni yukiwafurikeru[田子の浦ゆうち出でてみれば真白にそ富士の高嶺に雪は降りける]"(When coming to Tagonoura Bay, I saw the white peak of Mt. Fuji covered with snow.) by Akahito Yamabe[山部赤人(やまべのあかひと)]. This poem was revised and selected in Hyakunin-isshu[百人一首(ひゃくにんいっしゅ)](It's a collection of 100 poems by 100 famous poets) and today, it's more famous than the original poem.

Fuji-san-zu Byōbu
"Fuji-san-zu Byōbu" by Bunchō Tani[谷文晁(たにぶんちょう)「富士山図屏風(ふじさんずびょうぶ)」]

And, Mt. Fuji has been drawn in many pictures, especially, Ukiyo-e[浮世絵(うきよえ)]. In Ukiyo-e, there are series of painting of Mt. Fuji such as "Fugaku Sanjyūrokkei[富嶽三十六景(ふがくさんじゅうろっけい)]" by Hokusai Katsushika[葛飾北斎(かつしかほくさい)] & "Fuji Sanjyūrokkei[富士三十六景(ふじさんじゅうろっけい)]" by Hiroshige Utagawa[歌川広重(うたがわひろしげ)]. Those Ukiyo-es had a great influence on painters in Europe such as Vincent van Gogh who was also a Ukiyo-e collector.

Kanagawa-oki Nami-ura
"Kanagawa-oki Nami-ura" from "Fugaku Sanjyūrokkei" by Hokusai Katsushika[葛飾北斎「富嶽三十六景」-「神奈川沖浪裏(かながわおきなみうら)」]
Sanka Hakuu
"Sanka Hakuu" from "Fugaku Sanjyūrokkei" by Hokusai Katsushika[葛飾北斎「富嶽三十六景」-「山下白雨(さんかはくう)」]
Kōshū Kajikazawa
"Kōshū Kajikazawa" from "Fugaku Sanjyūrokkei" by Hokusai Katsushika[葛飾北斎「富嶽三十六景」-「甲州石班澤(こうしゅうかじかざわ)」]
Bishū Fujimigahara
"Bishū Fujimigahara" from "Fugaku Sanjyūrokkei" by Hokusai Katsushika[葛飾北斎「富嶽三十六景」-「尾州不二見原(びしゅうふじみがはら)」]
Kai Ōtsuki no Hara
"Kai Ōtsuki no Hara" from "Fuji Sanjyūrokkei" by Hiroshige Utagawa[歌川広重「富士三十六景」-「甲斐大月の原(かいおおつきのはら)」]
Narusawa no Fuji
"Narusawa no Fuji" by Hasui Kawase[川瀬巴水(かわせはすい)「鳴沢の富士(なるさわのふじ)」]

And an authentic Japanese painter, Taikan Yokoyama[横山大観(よこやまたいかん)](1868-1958) is known as a painter who drew a lot of paintings of Mt. Fuji.

"Hōrai-san" by Taikan Yokoyama[横山大観「蓬莱山(ほうらいさん)」]

Japanese famous novelist, Osamu Dazai[太宰治(だざいおさむ)] wrote "Fugaku Hyakkei[富嶽百景(ふがくひゃっけい)]" which is a work about his experience when he had stayed at an inn on Misaka Pass[御坂峠(みさかとうげ)], Yamanashi Prefecture that is famous as a viewing spot of Mt. Fuji. This work can be said a novel or essay, and he projected his ever-changing psychological state onto changeable Mt. Fuji appearance in this work.

Kai Misaka-goe
"Kai Misaka-goe" from "Fuji Sanjyūrokkei" by Hiroshige Utagawa[歌川広重「富士三十六景」-「甲斐御坂越(かいみさかごえ)」]
Mt. Fuji view from Misaka Pass
Mt. Fuji view from Misaka Pass

On the back of present 1,000 Yen bill, Sakasa-Fuji[逆さ富士(さかさふじ)]( Mt. Fuji reflected in a lake) is drawn. This was based on a photo taken next to Lake Motosu-ko[本栖湖(もとすこ)] by Kōyō Okada[岡田紅陽(おかだこうよう)](1895-1972).

1000 bill
Back of 1,000 Yen bill
Lake Motosu-ko
Lake Motosu-ko

In Sentō[銭湯(せんとう)](Japanese public bath), a picture of Mt. Fuji often decorates the bath room. People enjoy viewing the picture of Mt. Fuji with taking bath. The pictures are drawn by painters specializing in Sentō.
Old Sentō, Kodakara-yu[子宝湯(こだからゆ)]

The following picture is taken at Satta Pass[薩埵峠(さったとうげ)], Shizuoka Prefecture. And Hiroshige Utagawa drew two Ukiyo-es of that. Satta Pass on ancient Tōkaidō[東海道(とうかいどう)](That was the main road in Japan that was connecting Edo to Kyoto.) is on a cliff that faces the Pacific Ocean and that was the place to be hard to go through. But also, that has been the famous view spot of Mt. Fuji.

Satta Pass
Satta Pass
Suruga Satta no Kaijyō
"Suruga Satta no Kaijyō" from "Fuji Sanjyūrokkei" by Hiroshige Utagawa[歌川広重「富士三十六景」-「駿河薩タ之海上(するがさったのかいじょう)」]
"Yui" from "Tōkaidō Gojyūsan-tsugi" by Hiroshige Utagawa[歌川広重「東海道五十三次(とうかいどうごじゅうさんつぎ)」-「由比(ゆい)」]

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