Kenrokuen [兼六園(けんろくえん)]

Kenrokuen[兼六園(けんろくえん)] is a Japanese garden in Kanazawa[金沢(かなざわ)] City, Ishikawa Prefecture. This garden is a Chisen-kaiyū-shiki garden[池泉回遊式庭園(ちせんかいゆうしきていえん)] which is a style of Japanese garden designed for strolling around a pond.

Kasumigaike Pond and Kotoji-tōrō at Kenrokuen.jpg
Kenrokuen


Kenrokuen is one of the three greatest gardens in Japan, along with Kairakuen[偕楽園(かいらくえん)](Mito City, Ibaraki Pref.) and Kōrakuen[後楽園(こらくえん)](Okayama City). In 1985, Kenrokuen was registered as a National Special Places of Scenic Beauty.





Kenrokuen is also classified as Daimyō garden[大名庭園(だいみょうていえん)] which is the garden made by Daimyō[大名(だいみょう)](feudal lord).

In 1676 of the Edo Period, Tsunanori Maeda[前田綱紀(まえだつなのり)], who was the 5th Daimyō of Kaga Domain[加賀藩(かがはん)], constructed a villa and garden next to Kanazawa Castle(Kaga Damain, which was governed by Maeda clan[前田氏(まえだし)], consisted of the present Ishikawa and the most part of Toyama Prefecture and Maeda family lived at Kanazawa Castle). This is the origin of Kenrokuen.

Ishikawa Gate of Kanazawa Castle.jpg
Ishikawa Gate of Kanazawa Castle


In 1822, "Kenrokuen" was named by the Daimyō of Shirakawa Domain[白河藩(しらかわはん)], Sadanobu Matsudaira[松平定信(まつだいらさだのぶ)] according to a request from the 12th Daimyō of Kaga Domain, Narinaga Maeda[前田斉広(まえだなりなが)].

Kenrokuen was gradually arranged and extended and in the rule of the 13th Daimyō, Nariyasu[斉泰(なりやす)], the garden was reformed into nearly present state.

Gankō Bridge at Kenrokuen.jpg
Gankō Bridge



In Kenrokuen, you can enjoy viewing the beautiful landscapes with seasonal changes such as cherry blossoms in spring, green in summer, colored leaves in autumn and snow in winter. Especially, in winter, you can see that pine trees are suspended by ropes set up conically because of supporting the trees against heavy snow. This is called "Yuki-tsuri[雪吊り(ゆきつり)]" and the scene with snow is very elegant.

Yukitsuri at Kenrokuen.jpg
Yukitsuri


There are various scenic points in the garden but above all, the landscape of Kasumigaike Pond[霞ヶ池(かすみがいけ)] over a stone lantern called "Kotoji-tōrō[徽軫灯籠(ことじとうろう)]" is the most popular.

Kasumigaike and Kotoji-tōrō at Kenrokuen.jpg
Kasumigaike and Kotoji-tōrō



Kenrokuen is a highlight of sightseeing in Kanazawa. How about you spend a calm time in Kenrokuen?

Kagamigaike Pond and Uchihashi-tei Tea House at Kenrokuen.jpg
Kagamigaike Pond and Uchihashi-tei Tea House





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