Kamado [竈(かまど)]

Kamado[竈(かまど)] is an oven for cooking rice & dishes and that has been used since ancient times in Japan. That is also called "Hettsui[へっつい]" or "Kudo[くど]". Kamado is made of (plastered) soil, brick or cement, etc. It is used with putting wood or charcoal in the lower part of it and putting a pan or a pot called "Kama[釜(かま)]" on a hole of the upper part of it.

Kamado
Kamado at a house of the Edo Period,
Edo-Tokyo Open-air Architectural Museum


Kamado
Kamado at a Ryokan[旅館(りょかん)](Japanese style inn)
of the Edo & Meiji Period, Edo-Tokyo Open-air Architectural Museum



Many Japanese houses were provided with Kamado until around 1950 and that was mainly made on a dirt floor connecting to the entrance because of preventing fire. But with the advent of gas cooking stove & rice cooker, houses having Kamado almost disappear.

Kamado
Kamado at Northern Culture Museum(that was a wealthy farmer's house), Niigata City


But rice cooked with using Kamado is more delicious than that cooked with rice cooker and many electronics companies have developed rice cookers that can reproduce rice cooked with using Kamado. Miniaturized Kamado for one person is used for cooking Kamameshi[釜飯(かまめし)] and pot dishes even now.

Kamado
Kamado that uses hot spring steam(that is called "Jigoku-gama[地獄釜(じごくがま)]".), Hagenoyu Hot Spring, Oguni Town, Kumamoto Prefecture








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