Hina-ningyō is decorated for praying girl's healthy growth and expresses a wedding scene with a wish for girl's marriage in the future.
The origin of Hina-ningyō goes back to the the Heian Period(794-1185). Daughters of noble played house using dolls and miniature furniture and that was called "Hiina-asobi[雛遊び（ひいなあそび）]". This combined with the ceremony of floating human-shaped paper, into which people transferred harm, into river or sea on Jyōshi and Hina-ningyō has become to be decorated on Jyōshi and the event has become to be called "Hina-matsuri".
The ceremony of floating paper transformed to Nagashi-bina[流し雛（ながしびな）](The event of floating dolls on Hina-matsuri) and that event is held even now.
It is commonly said that Hina-ningyō should be decorated from Risshun[立春（りっしゅん）](Spring beginning day, this is around February 4.) to March 3.
The most Hina-ningyō belongs to Dairi-bina[内裏雛（だいりびな）]. Dairi-bina is a set including a pair of Odairi-sama[お内裏様（おだいりさま）](emperor) and Ohina-sama[お雛様（おひなさま）](empress). There are various kinds of Dairi-bina.
Shinnō-kazari[親王飾り（しんのうかざり）] is a simple set of a pair of Odairi-sama and Ohina-sama.
Sandan-kazari[三段飾り（さんだんかざり）] is a set which has three tiers. The dolls of Odairi-sama and Ohina-sama are on the top tier, three dolls of court ladies called "Sannin-kanjyo[三人官女（さんにんかんじょ）]" are put on the middle tier and five dolls of musicians called "Gonin-bayashi[五人囃子（ごにんばやし）]" are put on the lower tier.
Shichidan-kazari[七段飾り（しちだんかざり）] is a set which has seven tiers. Shichidan-kazari consists of the 15 dolls including above dolls and gorgeous furnishings.
These sets include some decorations such as Bonbori[雪洞（ぼんぼり）](light stands), Byōbu[屏風（びょうぶ）](folding screen) and Sanpō[三宝（さんぽう）](stands for offering). And foods as offerings such as Hishi-mochi[菱餅（ひしもち）]( rhombic Mochi[餅（もち）]) and Hina-arare[雛あられ](dried and sweetened small Mochi) are also decorated with Hina-ningyō.
And Hina-ningyō is divided into two types according to the differences in the manufacturing process.
Ishōgi-ningyō[衣装着人形（いしょうぎにんぎょう）] is a doll wearing Kimono[着物（きもの）] and that is popular.
Kimekomi-ningyō[木目込人形（きめこみにんぎょう）] is a doll made by wood or mix of wood powder and glue, and plunged the cloth into the its curved ditch for seeming wear Kimono. Kimekomi-ningyō has the personality of each artist.
Iwatsuki[岩槻（いわつき）] Ward, Saitama[さいたま] City is famous as a production area of Hina-ningyō and the event of decorating Hina-ningyō around the area is held during the season of Hina-matsuri.
And Asakusabashi[浅草橋（あさくさばし）], Taitō[台東（たいとう）] City, Tokyo is a concentrated area of and famous doll makers' shops.
Hina-ningyō decorated on stairs
at Atago Shrine, Iwatsuki Ward, Saitama City