Hana-shōbu[花菖蒲(ハナショウブ)](Iris ensata)

Hana-shōbu[花菖蒲(ハナショウブ)](Iris ensata)" is a plant which blooms in early summer. That is commonly and simply called "Shōbu[菖蒲(ショウブ)]". The word "Shōbu" also refers to sweet flag. This is decorated on the day of Tango no Sekku[端午の節句(たんごのせっく)](May 5th). They are different plants, former is a plant of Iridacea and the latter is a plant of Acorus. But their leaves resemble each other.

ShōbuShōbuShōbuShōbu
Shōbu


Furthermore, there is a complicated story. There is an Iridacea plant (as well as Hana-shōbu) called, Ayame[菖蒲 or 文目(アヤメ)](Iris sanguinea). Ayame is written as "菖蒲" as well as Shōbu. Moreover, The word "Ayame" refered to "Shōbu(sweet flag)" in ancient times.

There are some differences between Ayame and Hana-shōbu. Ayame grows in dry grounds and blooms from late April to early May.And its flower has mesh patterns in the center. Hana-shōbu grows in wetlands and blooms from late May to late June.

Kakitsubata[燕子花 or 杜若(カキツバタ)](Iris laevigata) also resembles Hana-shōbu. Its flower has white lines in the center part but Hana-shōbu has yellow lines.

Ayame
Ayame

Kakitsubata
Kakitsubata



Hana-shōbu(hereinafter referred as to "Shōbu") is a garden species of No-hana-shōbu[ノハナショウブ] which is native to East Asia. There are many species produced at home and abroad now.

Species of Shōbu made in Japan is mainly classified into the following 4 types;
the Edo[江戸(えど)](They have been made around Tokyo in the Edo Period, there are various forms.),
Higo[肥後(ひご)](From Kumamoto, they have been made for potted plants),
Ise[伊勢(いせ)] (From Mie, they have been made for potted plants),
Nagai[長井(ながい)](They were discovered in Nagai City, Yamagata).


Mizumoto ParkMizumoto Park
Mizumoto Park[水元公園(みずもとこうえん)] in Katsushika City, Tokyo



There are many spots of Shōbu throughout Japan. And many Japanese painters drew that. In Tokyo, Meiji Shrine Gyoen Garden[明治神宮御苑(めいじじんぐうぎょえん)](Sibuya City), Horikiri Shōbu-en[堀切菖蒲園(ほりきりしょうぶえん)](Katsushika City) and Mizumoto Park(Katsushika City) are famous as spots of Shōbu.

Hasui Kawase; Shōbu-da at Meiji shrineShōbu garden at Meiji Shrine
Left: Hasui Kawase, "Shōbu-da in Meiji Shrine"[川瀬巴水『明治神宮 菖蒲田』(かわせはすい『めいじじんぐう しょうぶだ』)]
Right: Shōbu garden at Meiji Shrine Gyoen


Shōbu garden at Meiji ShrineShōbu garden at Meiji Shrine
Shōbu garden at Meiji Shrine Gyoen


Hiroshige Utagawa; Horikiri Shōbu-en
Hiroshige Utagawa, "Horikiri no Hana-shōbu
from 100 Famous Views in Edo[江戸名所百景 - 堀切の花菖蒲(えどめいしょひゃっけい - ほりきりのはなしょうぶ)]"

Horikiri Shōbu-enHorikiri Shōbu-en
Horikiri Shōbu-en in Katsushika City, Tokyo




Hana-shōbu ni ga-zu
Kiitsu Suzuki, "Hana-shōbu ni ga-zu(Irises and Moth)
[鈴木其一『花菖蒲に蛾図』(すずききいつ『はなしょうぶにがず』)]",
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, USA





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