In the late Edo Period, 1834, it is said that Edo-kiriko was founded by a glass shop owner in Edo(now, Tokyo), Kyūbei Kagaya[加賀屋久兵衛（かがやきゅうべえ）] who was inspired by glass crafts from Europe. It is said that water-clear glasses were used for Edo-kiriko at that time. In 1873, a glass factory was established in Shinagawa, Tokyo and in 1881, an English engineer, Emanuel Hauptmann was invited for teaching cut glass techniques to Japanese craftsmen and the present Edo-kiriko was completed by those techniques.
Edo-kiriko is characterized by carving traditional patterns such as Yarai[矢来（やらい）](bamboo fence), Nanako[魚子（ななこ）](fish roes), Asa no Ha[麻の葉（あさのは）](hemp leaves) and Kiku[菊（きく）](chrysanthemum).
There is another Kiriko that is called "Satsuma-kiriko[薩摩切子（さつまきりこ）]". That is a traditional craft in Kagoshima. The characteristic of Satsuma-kiriko is to use thick colored glass. On the other hand, Edo-kiriko is a thinner colored glass than Satsuma-kiriko or water-clear glass.