Baikamo lives in clear flowing river whose temperature is below 15℃. That stems are vivid green and grow from 1 meter to 2 meters in the stream. Baikamo has small white flowers resembling Ume[梅（ウメ）](Japanese apricot) blossom from June to August.
Baikamo can live in only cool and clear stream. Therefore, that is on the verge of extinction in many areas.
Jizō River[地蔵川（じぞうがわ）] flowing through Samegai[醒ヶ井（さめがい）](Maibara[米原（まいばら）] City, Shiga Prefecture), which is a post town on the old main road, Nakasendō[中山道（なかせんどう）], is the most famous habitat in Japan and many people come to see the flowers in summer.
In a broad sense of "Baikamo", Ichō-baikamo[銀杏梅花藻（イチョウバイカモ）] is also included. Ichō-baikamo is the mother species of Baikamo and that is seen at Kamikōchi[上高地（かみこうち）](Nagano Prefecture), etc.
Mishima-baikamo[三島梅花藻（ミシマバイカモ）] which was discovered in Mishima[三島（みしま）] City, Shizuoka Prefecture is also a variety of Ichō-baikamo. The natural habitat of Mishima-baikamo vanished except Kakita River[柿田川（かきたがわ）](Shimizu Town, Shizuoka).